The effect of actinomycin D on the synthesis of RNA and protein rat-liver parenchymal cells in suspension and liver slices

G SHNAMUGAM & P M BHARGAVA

Regional Research Laboratory, Hyderabad-9, India

Published in: Biochemical Journal, 1968, 108, 741-748.

Abstract:

1. Rat liver parenchymal cells in suspension are shown to require a higher concentration of actinomycin D than liver slices for equivalent inhibition of the incorporation of [14C]adenine, [l4C]uracil and [32F]phosphate into RNA, and of 140-labelled amino acids into protein; protein synthesis is much less susceptible to actinomycin D inhibition than RNA synthesis in both the tissue preparations. Possible causes for these differences are discussed. 2. The uptake of [3H]actinomycin D in the first few minutes was much greater in the cell suspensions than in the tissue slices; that in the next 1-4hr. was about the same in both the cases. The uptake by both the tissue preparations was at all times proportional to the concentration of the drug within the range 0·5-2·0 μg./ml. 3. In the slices actinomycin D taken up initially was concentrated almost exclusively in the nuclei; with time the concentration of the drug in the mitochondria and the supernatant increased more rapidly than in the nuclei though at no stage did it exceed that in the nuclei. In the cell suspension the largest concentration of the drug taken up initially was found in the supernatant; most of the drug taken up subsequently also stayed in the supernatant; 4. When the drug concentration in the incubation medium was 1 μg./ml., its concentration within the parenchymal cells in suspension and the parenchymal cells in the slices reached 2.2 and 1.6 μg./cm3 of cellular volume respectively. On average, 7% of the drug was removed from the medium by the cells in suspension and 23% by the cells in the slices; the average ratio of intracellular to extracellular concentration was 2.4 in the former and 2.1 in the latter case.

PMID: 5673524

Keywords:
Adenine/metabolism, Amino Acids/metabolism, Animals, Carbon Isotopes, Cell Nucleus/metabolism
Dactinomycin/metabolism, Dactinomycin/pharmacology, Depression, Chemical, Extracellular Space/analysis, In Vitro Techniques, Liver/cytology, Liver/metabolism, Mitochondria, Liver/metabolism, Phosphates/metabolism, Phosphorus Isotopes, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA/biosynthesis, Time Factors, Tritium, Uracil/metabolism

HOW TO CITE

The effect of actinomycin D on the synthesis of RNA and protein rat-liver parenchymal cells in suspension and liver slices. G SHNAMUGAM & P M BHARGAVA. Biochemical Journal, 1968, 108, 741-748.

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